This chapter has described in detail the knowledge and capabilities related to technology that will be assessed on the 2014 NAEP Technology and Engineering Literacy Assessment. While these assessment targets represent an important component of technology and engineering literacy, they are not intended to limit the scope of concepts and capabilities that could be addressed in curricula. As NAEP is an on-demand test, important knowledge and capabilities that should form a part of every students' education but are difficult to assess have been excluded from this framework.

Although chapter two is central to the design of the NAEP Technology and Engineering Literacy Assessment, it is not sufficient in itself to describe the kinds of reasoning to be expected from students, the context or subject matter that will be used to construct test items, or the overall shape of the entire assessment. These issues are taken up in chapters three and four.