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Appendix D: Alignment Table - Comparing The NAEP Technology And Engineering Literacy Assessment Areas To International Source Documents

Appendix D: Alignment Table – Comparing the NAEP Technology and Engineering Literacy Assessment Areas to International Source Documents

Comparison of 2014 NAEP to International Source Documents

2014 NAEP

International Baccalaureate Organization
Middle Years Programme
Technology (2006)

EU Key Competences for Lifelong Learning – A European Framework

UK Framework for Secondary ICT

PISA Framework for Assessment of ICT Literacy

Technology and Society

Interaction of Technology and Humans

Students identify the problem to be solved.

Understanding the potential of IST to support creativity and innovation for personal fulfillment, social inclusion and employability

Interest in using IST to broaden horizons by taking part in communities and networks for cultural, social and professional purposes.

Effects of Technology on the Natural World

Students identify the problem to be solved.

Effects of Technology on the World of Information and Knowledge

Ethics, Equity, and Responsibility

During the course, students should:

  • eCarry out units of work in technology using materials and techniques safely and responsibly
  • Provide evidence of personal engagement with the subject (motivation, independence, general positive attitude) when working in technology.

Positive attitude and sensitivity to safe and responsible use of the Internet, including privacy issues and cultural differences.

Design and Systems

Nature of Technology


Engineering Design

Students formulate a design specification. Students design the product/solution. Students plan the product/solution.

Students follow the plan.

Students create the product/solution.


2 Developing ideas

2.2 Models and modelling

4 Evaluating

4.1 Evaluating work

Maintenance and Troubleshooting

Systems Thinking


Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Construction and Exchange of Ideas and Solutions

During the course, students should work effectively as members of a team, collaborating, acknowledging and supporting the views of others.

Propensity to use IST to work autonomously and in teams; critical and reflective attitude in the assessment of available information.

Ability to use appropriate aids (presentations, graphs, charts, maps) to produce, present or understand complex information.

3 Communicating information

3.1 Fitness for purpose

3.2 Refining and presenting information

3.3 Communicating


  • communicating with others

Information Research

Students should develop the design brief.

Ability to search, collect and process electronic information, data and concepts and to use them in a systematic way.

Ability to access and search a website and to use Internet-based services such as discussion forums and email.

1 Finding information

1.1 Using data and information sources

1.2 Searching and selecting

1.3 Organizing and investigating


  • accessing information
  • managing information
  • integrating information
  • evaluating information
  • constructing new knowledge

Investigation of Problems


Ability to use IST to support critical thinking, creativity and innovation in different contexts at home, leisure and work.

2 Developing ideas

2.1 Analyzing and automating processes

2.2 Models and modeling

2.3 Sequencing instructions


  • ICT for personal use
  • ICT for public use
  • ICT for educational
  • ICT for occupational purposes

Acknowledgment of Ideas and Information

During the course, students should work effectively as members of a team, collaborating, acknowledging and supporting the views of others.

Basic understanding of the reliability and validity of the information available (accessibility/acceptability) and awareness of the need to respect ethical principles in the interactive use of IST.


Selection and Use of Digital Tools


Understanding the main computer applications, including word processing, spreadsheets, databases, information storage, and management.

Awareness of the opportunities given by the use of Internet and communication via electronic media (email, videoconferencing, other network tools); and the differences between the real and virtual world

Technology Environments

  • Web
  • desktop
  • e-learning environments